32. DECLARATIONS OF WAR

32.1      OVERVIEW

32.2      RESTRICTIONS

32.3      THRESHOLD REQUIREMENT

32.4      GERMAN DECLARATIONS OF WAR

32.5      ITALIAN DECLARATIONS OF WAR

32.6      ALLIED DECLARATIONS OF WAR

32.7      RUSSIAN DECLARATIONS OF WAR

32.8      PRE-EMPTIVE DECLARATIONS OF WAR

32.1  OVERVIEW:

32.11  Major powers may declare war on opposing major powers at the end of the crisis phase if they exceed the threshold requirement for declaring war and are otherwise permitted to declare war. This determination is made separately for each declaring major power and each major power upon which war is being declared.

32.12 If a pre-emptive declaration of war is threatened, the target major power may prevent the declaration of war by making concessions, provided the major power making the declaration of war isn’t fully mobilized (32.83).

32.2  RESTRICTIONS:

32.21  BASIC RESTRICTIONS: The basic restrictions for major power declarations of war are set out in the following table:

A. GERMANY: Germany may declare war on Britain and France, and on Russia, if the Nazi-Soviet Pact has not been signed.

B. ITALY: Italy may not declare war on other major powers.

C. BRITAIN: Britain may declare war on Germany and Italy.

D. FRANCE: France may declare war on Germany and Italy.

E. RUSSIA: Russia may declare war on Germany if the Nazi-Soviet Pact has not been signed.

 

Permitted Declarations of War - 32.21

Major power

 

 

 

 

If no Pact

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

If no Pact

 

 

 

 

 

32.22  ADDITIONAL RESTRICTIONS:  Major power declarations of war are subject to the preconditions set out below in the specific rules dealing with each major power’s declarations of war.

A. GERMANY:

B. RUSSIA: Russia may not declare war on Germany if the Nazi-Soviet Pact has been signed.

32.3  THRESHOLD REQUIREMENT:

32.31  The threshold requirement for declaring war on a major power must be exceeded to permit the declaration of war. This determination is made separately for each declaring major power and each major power upon which war is being declared. The specifics for each major power are set out below. In calculating whether the threshold requirement for declaring war on a major power is met, the following factors are taken into account.

A. BALANCE OF POWER: The Axis-Allied balance of power.

B. SUPPORT LEVELS: The support level of the major power declaring war compared to the major power against which war is being declared.

C. EUROPEAN AGGRESSION INDEX: The EAI for that turn. A positive EAI favors declarations of war; a negative EAI impedes declarations of war.

D. MINOR COUNTRIES: The resistance level of a minor country that is the target of aggression, if a major power is declaring war in support of that minor country (28.11).

E. GERMANY’S EASTERN NEIGHBORS: The resistance level of Czechoslovakia and Poland, if unconquered, and, for German declarations of war on the Allies if no Nazi-Soviet Pact has been signed, Russia’s war readiness (32.42D) modify declarations of war by Germany (32.4). The greater the resistance levels and Russia’s war readiness, the less Germany is able to declare war.

F. FLAGS IN RUSSIA: Axis and Allied flags in Russia modify declarations of war by Russia (32.7).

32.32  BALANCE OF POWER:  The ability of Germany, Britain and France to declare war is modified by the overall Axis-Allied balance of power.

A. The Axis-Allied balance of power modifies the ability to declare war on a 1:1 basis (a +1 balance of power advantage gives the favored side a +1 towards declaring war; a +2 balance of power advantage gives the favored side a +2 towards declaring war; a +3 balance of power advantage gives the favored side a +3 towards declaring war, and so on).

B. If the Axis-Allied balance of power favors the Axis, German declarations of war are easier and Allied declarations of war are more difficult.  Similarly, if the Axis-Allied balance of power favors the Allies, German declarations of war are more difficult and Allied declarations of war are easier.

32.33  SUPPORT LEVELS:  The support levels of the major power declaring war and the major power against which war is being declared are compared.

A. If the support level of the major power declaring war is greater, the ability to declare war is increased by that amount.

B. If the support level of the major power against which war is being declared is greater, the ability to declare war is decreased by that amount.

C. When determining the British and French support levels, Allied support increases from an Axis second aggression and temporary Allied support increases from Axis aggressions (10.71B, 10.81B) are only taken into account in determining whether Britain and France may declare war against the Axis major power that triggered the support increases. Temporary support increases only apply in response to an aggression, and do not count for pre-emptive war (32.61B).

32.34  EUROPEAN AGGRESSION INDEX: The EAI at the time war is declared is applied. The EAI may modify the ability to declare war by +5 to -5.

32.4  GERMAN DECLARATIONS OF WAR:

32.41  RESTRICTIONS: Germany may declare pre-emptive war on a major power only if:

A. RHINELAND: Germany has remilitarized the Rhineland.

B. NO ALLIED DECLARATION OF WAR: The Allies did not declare war on Germany or Italy in response to an Axis aggression.

C. FULL MOBILIZATION: Germany is fully mobilized. If Germany is not fully mobilized, it may threaten to declare war on a major power, but that major power has the option of preventing the declaration of war by making concessions (32.83).

32.42  GERMAN DECLARATIONS OF WAR ON THE ALLIES:  Germany may declare pre-emptive war on Britain and France if Germany has fully mobilized, having converted all its idle and civilian factories to military use, and the net total of the following modifiers is at least +1 with respect to both countries. Germany may not declare war on only one of Britain or France; it must declare war on both or neither.

A. BALANCE OF POWER: The overall Axis-Allied balance of power.

B. SUPPORT LEVELS: The German support level and the greater of the French or British support levels.

C. EUROPEAN AGGRESSION INDEX: The EAI.

D. GERMANY’S EASTERN NEIGHBORS:

32.43  GERMAN DECLARATIONS OF WAR ON RUSSIA:  Germany may declare war on Russia if the net total of the following modifiers is at least +1, provided the Nazi-Soviet Pact is not in effect and Germany controls either Poland or the Baltic States:

A. BALANCE OF POWER: The overall Axis-Allied balance of power.

B. SUPPORT LEVEL: The German support level and the Russian support level.

C. EUROPEAN AGGRESSION INDEX: The EAI.

D. CZECHOSLOVAKIA AND POLAND: The resistance levels of Czechoslovakia and Poland, if unconquered, based on modifiers 28.2-28.4 (no 28.5 random tile draw is made).

32.44 THREATENING PRE-EMPTIVE WAR: If Germany is not fully mobilized, but otherwise meets the requirements for declaring war on the Allies or Russia, it may threaten to declare war. The Allies or Russia, as the case may be, have the option of avoiding war by making concessions (32.83), or allowing the declaration of war, ending the game.

32.5  ITALIAN DECLARATIONS OF WAR:

32.51  ITALIAN DECLARATIONS OF WAR PROHIBITED:  Italy may not declare war on major powers.

32.6  ALLIED DECLARATIONS OF WAR:

32.61  RESTRICTIONS: British and French declarations of war are subject to the following restrictions, based on the aggressiveness of the Axis major power upon which the Allies wish to declare war:

A. AXIS AGGRESSION: If the target Axis major power is committing an aggression, either Britain or France (or both) may declare war on the aggressing major power as follows:

EXAMPLE:  France’s result is +2; Britain’s is -1. France may declare war because the overall result is positive (+1); Britain may not, because its result is negative. If Britain’s result was -2, neither Allied major power could declare war, because the overall result would be 0.

B. NO AXIS AGGRESSIONS: If the target Axis major power is not committing an aggression, Britain and France may declare pre-emptive war, or threaten to declare pre-emptive war, subject to the following restrictions:

32.62  SEPARATE CALCULATIONS FOR BRITAIN AND FRANCE: The ability of Britain and France to declare war on Germany or Italy is calculated separately:

A. BALANCE OF POWER: The overall Axis-Allied balance of power (32.32).

B. SUPPORT LEVELS: The British or French, and German or Italian, support levels, as the case may be (32.33).

C. EUROPEAN AGGRESSION INDEX: The EAI (32.34).

D. MINOR COUNTRIES:  The resistance level of a minor country that is the target of aggression in the turn in which war is being declared.

32.63  GERMAN DECLARATION OF WAR ON RUSSIA:  If Germany declares war on Russia, Britain and France may retaliate by declaring war on Germany if they meet the threshold requirement. Russia’s war readiness (32.42D) is added to the Allied totals.

32.7  RUSSIAN DECLARATIONS OF WAR:

32.71  RUSSIAN DECLARATIONS OF WAR:  Russia may declare war on Germany if the net total of the modifiers in 32.72 is at least +1, provided the Nazi-Soviet Pact has not been signed and at least one of the following conditions is met:

A. Germany is carrying out an aggression against Poland, the Baltic States or a minor country containing at least one Russian flag;

B. Germany controls Poland or the Baltic States as a result of aggression in a previous turn;

C. Britain and France declare pre-emptive war on Germany in the same turn; or

D. Russia has reached full cohesion.

32.72  THRESHOLD VALUES:  Russia may declare war on Germany if the net total of the following modifiers is at least +1:

A. SUPPORT LEVELS: The Russian support level and the German support level.

B. EUROPEAN AGGRESSION INDEX: The EAI.

C. FLAGS IN RUSSIA: +1 for each Allied flag in Russia; -1 for each Axis flag in Russia.

D. MINOR COUNTRY DIPLOMATIC RESULTS:

E. MINOR COUNTRY RESISTANCE:  The resistance level of a minor country that is the target of aggression, if the target of the aggression is Poland or the Baltic States, or a minor country containing at least one Russian flag.

F. ALLIED NEUTRALITY: -2 for each Allied major power that is not at war with Germany, either as a result of a German or Allied declaration of war in the current turn. An Allied declaration of war on Italy does not negate this modifier.

Nazi-Soviet Pact

32.73 Russia may not declare war on Germany if the Nazi-Soviet Pact has been signed.

 

32.8   PRE-EMPTIVE DECLARATIONS OF WAR:

32.81 THRESHOLD REQUIREMENT MUST BE MET: Provided war did not break out as a result of a crisis and the declaring major power meets the threshold requirement for declaring war:

A. GERMANY: Germany may declare war on Britain and France (32.42) or Russia (32.43), whether or not it carried out an aggression, provided the aggression did not lead to a declaration of war on Germany. An Italian aggression that does not lead to an Allied declaration of war on Italy also does not prevent a German pre-emptive declaration of war.

B. ITALY: Italy may not declare war.

C. BRITAIN AND FRANCE: Britain and France may declare war on Germany or Italy in a turn in which the target Axis major power did not carry out an aggression (32.61B). An Allied declaration of war on one Axis major power after an aggression by that Axis major power does not prevent an Allied pre-emptive declaration of war on the other Axis major power. Both Britain and France must be able to declare war.

D. RUSSIA: Russia may declare war on Germany in any turn in which it meets the requirements of 32.7.

32.82 TIMING: Pre-emptive declaration of war legality is determined at the end of the crisis phase, after all secret support events have been revealed and after any Allied declarations of war on an Axis major power that conducted an aggression have been made.

32.83 THREAT OF PRE-EMPTIVE WAR: If Germany or the Allies threaten pre-emptive war when not fully mobilized, the major power threatened with war has the option of making concessions to avoid war. If the major power threatened with war declines to make the required concessions, war breaks out, and the game ends.

A. CONCESSIONS TO AVOID PRE-EMPTIVE WAR: The concessions required to avoid a pre-emptive war depend on the extent to which the declaring major power exceeds the declaration of war threshold. Each concession, up to a maximum value of 3, is treated as a negative modifier in determining whether the declaration of war threshold is met. The support level of the declaring major power is increased by the amount of the concession and the support level of the major power(s) making the concession is decreased by the same amount.

B. EFFECTS OF CONCESSIONS IMMEDIATE: Concessions to avoid a pre-emptive war modify support levels in the turn in which they are made and have no effect on the next turn unless they trigger a tile point deficit (10.41C).

C. GERMAN-ALLIED EFFECTS:

EXAMPLE: France is fully mobilized; Britain is not. France and Britain threaten pre-emptive war against Germany. France draws a good support random event and exceeds the declaration of war threshold by 4; Britain exceeds the declaration of war threshold by only 1. To avoid war, Germany would have to make a concession of 1 to Britain, preventing it declaring war, which would also prevent France from declaring war.